GS Paper - 3 (Biodiversity)

The 15th Conference of Parties to the 1992 UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD COP) starts on 11 October 2021 at China's Kunming, mostly a virtual session, where as per the UN officials, governments will "need to commit to repairing our broken relationship with nature."


  1. The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) is an international, legally binding treaty with three main goals: conservation of biodiversity, sustainable use of biodiversity, and the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.
  2. India is a signatory to the CBD and hence, liable to implement the strategic targets set under the convention.
  3. The 2018 sixth national report by India claimed that India is "on track" to achieve the biodiversity targets.
  4. Over 20 per cent of India's total geographical area is under biodiversity conservation and India has exceeded in achieving the terrestrial component of 17 percent of Aichi target 11 and 20 percent of the National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) 6.
  5. For implementation of Aichi Targets, the signatory country had to submit national targets based on the legal framework of their country. Also, India adopted 12 NBT under the Convention.