GS Paper - 3 (Environment)

The UN Human Rights Council recognised access to a clean and healthy environment as a fundamental right, formally adding its weight to the global fight against climate change and its devastating consequences. The vote passed with overwhelming support, despite criticism in the lead-up from some countries, notably the United States and Britain.


  1. The resolution, first discussed in the 1990s, is not legally binding but has the potential to shape global standards.
  2. Lawyers involved in climate litigation say it could help them build arguments in cases involving the environment and human rights.
  3. This has life-changing potential in a world where the global environmental crisis causes more than nine million premature deaths every year, said David Boyd, UN special rapporteur on human rights and the environment, who called the decision a "historic breakthrough".
  4. The text, proposed by Costa Rica, the Maldives, Morocco, Slovenia and Switzerland, was passed with 43 votes in favour and 4 abstentions from Russia, India, China and Japan, prompting a rare burst of applause in the Geneva forum.
  5. Britain which was among the critics of the proposal in recent intense negotiations, voted in favour in a surprise, last-minute move.
  6. The United States did not vote since it is not currently a member of the 47-member Council.
  7. Another proposal led by the Marshall Islands to create a new special rapporteur on climate change was also approved by the Council.