Turkey’s parliament ratified the Paris climate agreement, making it the last G20 country to do so, after holding off for years due to what it saw as injustices in its responsibilities as part of the agreement. Turkey has been a signatory to the Paris agreement since April 2016.

What

  1. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) currently lists Turkey in the Annex I group, described as industrialised countries.
  2. Turkey was ratifying the deal as a developing country and would implement it as long as it did not “harm its right to economic and social development.”
  3. Turkey has also sent a proposal to the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn, Germany, to have its name removed from the Annex I list.
  4. If Turkey is removed from the Annex I list of countries, it would be able to benefit from investment, insurance and technology transfer that can be provided as part of the agreement.
  5. The proposal is on the provisional agenda for the COP26 Climate Change Conference to be held in Glasgow from Oct. 31 to Nov. 12.

Flashback

  1. The Paris agreement aims to limit the global average temperature rise to “well below2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and “make efforts” to limit it to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
  2. The 1.1-degree Celsius warming already recorded has been enough to unleash disastrous weather, including the recent fires in Turkey, Greece and the United States.