Nobel Prize 2021 in Chemistry
GS Paper - 3 (Science)
German Benjamin List and Scottish-born David MacMillan won the 2021 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their development of asymmetric organocatalysis, a “new and ingenious tool for molecule building”. “Organic catalysts can be used to drive multitudes of chemical reactions,” the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said.
- Using these reactions, researchers can now more efficiently construct anything from new pharmaceuticals to molecules that can capture light in solar cells.
- It said these catalysts were both environmentally friendly and cheap to produce.
- The chemistry award is the third of this year’s crop of Nobel prizes and follows the prizes for medicine or physiology, and physics, announced earlier this week.
- Previous winners of the Chemistry prize include Marie Curie and Fredrick Sanger, who won twice.
- Seven women have won, including last year’s laureates Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna who were awarded the prize for creating genetic ‘scissors’ that can edit DNA.