GS Paper - 3 (Defence Technology)

The Indian Army has successfully tested the made-in-India K-9 Vajra howitzers in high altitude locations in Eastern Ladakh and inducted a regiment of these guns in the sector, said Army chief General Manoj Mukund Naravane on 2 October 2021.


  1. The gun was the first major Make in India project of the government and 100 of these guns have been inducted into the force and plans are afoot to buy more of them.
  2. The gun has further enhanced the firepower of the force in deployment along the Line of Actual Control with China.
  3. The K9 was originally a self-propelled gun for our armoured formations in the plains of Punjab and Rajasthan.
  4. The self-propelled guns have a range of 38 kilometres but they have been successfully hitting targets at 50 kilometres in the mountains up to 16,000 feet altitude in Eastern Ladakh.
  5. The gun has also been test firing along the Kargil sector, which shares boundary with Pakistan and can be very effective there also, Army said.
  6. With the induction of the K9 Vajras, Dhanush and M777 ultra-light Howitzers, the Army is obtaining new inductions in its inventory.