GS Paper - 2 (International Institutions) 

Delhi-based environmental organisation Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE) is among four activists and groups which are awarded this year's Right Livelihood Award, known as the 'Alternative Nobel', on 29 September 2021 for empowering communities in areas ranging from child protection to environmental defence.


  1. Legal Initiative for Forest and Environment (LIFE), an organisation working to protect the environment in India through the creative use of law and legal processes, was among the winners.
  2. LIFE works with communities through a grassroots approach.
  3. It assists and empowers often vulnerable populations to stand up against powerful interests and have a voice in the decision-making process, while also strengthening institutions and reforming laws.
  4. Noticing a lack of judicial access on environmental issues, LIFE was founded by lawyers Ritwick Dutta and Rahul Choudhary in 2005.
  5. Today, the organisation's attorneys are among India's leading public interest lawyers.
  6. The other winners are Freda Huson, a Canadian indigenous rights campaigner, Marthe Wandou, a Cameroonian woman fighting sexual violence against girls, and Vladimir Slivyak, a Russian environmental campaigner.


  1. Created in 1980, the annual Right Livelihood Award honours efforts that the prize founder, Swedish-German philanthropist Jakob von Uexkull, felt were being ignored by the Nobel prizes.
  2. The winners will each receive prize money of 1 million kronor (USD 115, 520) and will be honoured during a virtual award ceremony on 1 December 2021.
  3. The foundation said that a record number of 206 nominees from 89 countries were considered in 2021.
  4. The 2021 Right Livelihood Laureates are leaders in advancing the rights of women and girls, environmental protection and reclaiming Indigenous rights through mobilising communities and empowering grassroots initiatives.