GS Paper - 2 (Health)

The Centre on the occasion of World Rabies Day on 28 September 2021 launched a national action plan NAPRE for the elimination of dog mediated rabies by 2030. Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya and Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying Minister Parshottam Rupala unveiled the National Action Plan for dog Mediated Rabies Elimination by 2030 (NAPRE).

What

  1. The Ministers urged all the States and UTs to make Rabies a notifiable Disease.
  2. The two Union ministers also launched the Joint Inter-Ministerial Declaration Support Statement for the elimination of dog mediated rabies from India by 2030 through the One Health Approach.
  3. Drawing from his own experience of contracting a zoonotic disease while treating an animal, Mandaviya acknowledged that most victims of the disease are those who are in the most productive years of their life.
  4. Zoonotic diseases like Rabies claims the lives of people in their prime, denying the family of their earning member.
  5. The National Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) has drafted the action plan in consultation with the Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying.
  6. Rabies is 100 percent fatal but 100 per cent vaccine-preventable. 33 percent of global rabies deaths are recorded in India.
  7. NCDC with its rich experience in tackling zoonotic diseases like Nipah, Zika, Avian flu and surveillance of diseases like influenza, hepatitis would play a great role in the government's effort to boost the One Health approach.

What is One Health?

  1. One Health is an approach that recognizes that the health of people is closely connected to the health of animals and our shared environment.
  2. One Health is not new, but it has become more important in recent years.
  3. This is because many factors have changed interactions between people, animals, plants, and our environment.