GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

Amid growing security concerns over misuse of 5G technologies by Chinese companies, leaders of the United States, Japan, Australia and India agreed to advance the deployment of "secure, open and transparent" 5G telecommunications networks and work to bolster supply chain security for semiconductors.


  1. Discussion at the first in-person summit of the leaders of the four democracies (US, India, Australia and Japan), which are known as the Quad reflected the concerns of the member countries about the concentration of the world's semiconductor manufacturing capacity largely in China and also the hold of the Asian country on 5G networks.
  2. The US has been at the forefront of an effort to restrict the use of Huawei equipment in 5G mobile networks, citing serious security issues.
  3. Acknowledging the role of governments in fostering an enabling environment for 5G diversification, we will work together to facilitate public-private cooperation and demonstrate in 2022 the scalability and cybersecurity of open, standards-based technology.
  4. The Quad countries also launched Quad Principles on Technology Design, Development, Governance, and Use that will guide not only the region but the world towards responsible, open, high-standards innovation.


  1. 5G is the fifth generation of cellular technology.
  2. It is designed to increase speed, reduce latency, and improve flexibility of wireless services.
  3. 5G technology has a theoretical peak speed of 20 Gbps, while the peak speed of 4G is only 1 Gbps.