GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

The Prime Minister addressed the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York on 25 September 2021. In his speech, the PM focused on global challenges such as the Covid-19 pandemic and terrorism. He also lauded the role played by India at the global stage in fighting.

Key takeaways from PM's address:

  1. Today, the world is facing an increased threat of regressive thinking and extremism. In such a situation, the entire world must make science-based, rational and progressive thinking the basis for development.
  2. The countries reiterated their shared vision of a free, open and inclusive Indo-Pacific region with respect to territorial integrity and sovereignty, and international law.
  3. The Quad or Quadrilateral Security Dialogue comprises India, the US, Japan and Australia.
  4. India, the US and several other world powers have been talking about the need to ensure a free, open and thriving Indo-Pacific in the backdrop of China's rising military manoeuvring in the resource-rich region.
  5. China claims nearly all of the disputed South China Sea, though Taiwan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Vietnam all claim parts of it.
  6. Beijing has built artificial islands and military installations in the South China Sea. China also has territorial disputes with Japan in the East China Sea.
  7. The Prime Minister lauded the role played by India in helping the world combat the pandemic.
  8. India's vaccine delivery platform - COWIN, is providing digital support for hundreds of millions of vaccine doses in a single day.
  9. The Prime Minister also batted strongly for reforms at the United Nations in order to safeguard global order, global laws and global values.