India and Nepal on 20 September 2021 began a 15-day military exercise in Pithoragarh of Uttarakhand with a focus on counter-terror drills and disaster relief operations.


  1. The aim of the 15th India-Nepal military training exercise 'Surya Kiran' is to boost overall interoperability between the two militaries.
  2. During the exercise, an Infantry Battalion each from the Indian Army and the Nepali army will be training together to develop inter-operability and share their experience of counter-terrorism operations and disaster relief operations.
  3. A traditional opening ceremony was organised to mark the commencement of the exercise which will continue till October 3.
  4. Earlier on 18 September 2021, the Nepali army contingent arrived at Pithoragarh and was accorded a traditional military reception.