GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

Ministers for Agriculture from the G20 nations have committed to shift their sector policies to better ensure sustainability and security of food systems in the world. After a two-day summit in central Florence, Italy, the Ministers approved a final statement made of 21 points, mostly focused on "identifying and overcoming the major hurdles to meeting the SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals provided by the 2030 Agenda).


  1. The G20 also stressed their commitment to "take urgent actions to address the causes and impacts of climate change", while protecting and restoring ecosystems and their biodiversity.
  2. Italy holds the G20 rotating presidency this year.
  3. Italian Agriculture Minister Stefano Patuanelli urged all the group's members to pursue policies able to "permanently reverse the course", regardless if they were unpopular in the short term, or would not produce immediate benefits.
  4. Taking the role from Italy next year, Indonesia will host the next G20 summit in Bali.
  5. In the first day of the Florence meeting, UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Director-General Qu Dongyu as well launched an appeal for the G20 countries to step up their efforts in addressing the long-term effects of the Covid-19 pandemic.
  6. The pandemic has also increased food insecurity, Qu said, citing the FAO's assessment that food insecurity has risen from 8.4 per cent to around 9.9 per cent of the world's population.