GS Paper - 3 (Environment)

Complying with the UN climate change body’s decision on a mitigation option through green cover – known as REDD+ initiatives, India has come out with a draft mechanism to report its progress on this front to the global body. The mechanism, called ‘safeguards information system’ (SIS).

What

  1. It will help the country report its conservation processes to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) on various aspects of safeguards being adopted during its afforestation drives.
  2. The move is necessary to access result-based financial support for REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation) which is one of the climate change mitigation options in developing countries for conservation of forest carbon stock, sustainable management of forests and reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
  3. The SIS will be finalised after analysing comments and suggestions which may be shared with the ministry by 15 October.
  4. As per the Cancun Agreement of the UNFCCC, developing countries are required to develop SIS to report on compliance of the safeguards while implementing REDD+ activities.
  5. Once the SIS is finalised, India will periodically submit the summary of information on safeguards to the UN climate change body with biennial update reports, national communications or other appropriate means as decided by the UNFCCC.

Flashback

  1. India had earlier developed its national REDD+ strategy which aims to achieve climate change mitigation by incentivizing forest conservation.
  2. The strategy seeks to address drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and also develops a roadmap for enhancement of forest carbon stocks and achieving sustainable management of forests through REDD+ actions.
  3. India’s National REDD+ strategy is one of the tools to achieve the country’s commitment to the Paris Agreement.
  4. Its ‘Nationally Determined Contribution’ (NDC) target for the forestry sector under the Agreement is to create an additional carbon sink of 2.5 to 3 billion tonnes of CO2 equivalent through additional forest and tree cover by 2030.
  5. The country has planned to achieve this target by upscaling ongoing programmes such as National Mission for a Green India and National Afforestation Programme.