GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

Prime Minister 17 September 2021 virtually addressed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) summit where he called for developing a template by SCO to effectively deal with the challenges of extremism and radicalisation. The 20th anniversary of SCO is the right time to think about the future of SCO.

What PM said

  1. The biggest challenges in this area are related to-peace, security and trust deficit and root cause of these problems is the increasing radicalisation.
  2. The SCO should develop a shared template to fight radicalism and extremism.
  3. The prime minister started by welcoming Iran as a new member country of SCO. This year we are celebrating the 20th anniversary of SCO.
  4. India is committed to increasing its connectivity with Central Asia. Asserting that there should be respect for the territorial integrity of all countries.
  5. The SCO, seen as a counterweight to NATO, is an eight-member economic and security bloc and has emerged as one of the largest transregional international organisations.


  1. India and Pakistan became its permanent members in 2017.
  2. The SCO was founded at a summit in Shanghai in 2001 by the presidents of Russia, China, the Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
  3. India was made an observer at the SCO in 2005 and has generally participated in the ministerial-level meetings of the grouping which focus mainly on security and economic cooperation in the Eurasian region.