GS Paper - 3 (Economy)

India ranked last out of 40 countries in the 2021 edition of the Commitment to Development Index (CDI), which assesses a country’s commitment to policies that affect the development of other poorer nations. It scored a 0 overall out of a possible 100.


  1. Published since 2003 by US-based think tank, Center for Global Development, the index ranks 40 of the world’s high- and middle-income countries on eight policy areas — development finance, investment, migration, trade, environment, health, security and technology.
  2. It analyses the countries’ “dedication to policies that affect more than five billion people living in poorer nations”. Sweden topped this index with a perfect score of 100.
  3. India performed the worst in the trade, development finance, health and migration areas ranking 40th, 39th, 39th and 37th, respectively, and performed the best in the environment category, ranking sixth.
  4. India was added to the index for the first time in 2020 and ranked 37 then, ahead of Israel, Saudi Arabia and the UAE.

What these indicators mean

  1. The index is broadly divided into three categories of indicators, namely development finance, exchange and global public goods.
  2. The CDI labels development finance (i.e. utilising the public sector to aid the private sector in investing in developing nations) as “the first policy area”, assessing the extent to which countries are promoting global development.
  3. Meanwhile, exchange measures the way in which “countries manage the international flows of capital, goods and services, ideas, and people” and is further divided into the investment, migration and trade indicators.
  4. Similarly, the global public goods category is divided into environment, health, security and technology indicators.