India celebrates Hindi Diwas, also known as Hindi Day, on 14 September every year to commemorate the adoption of Hindi in the Devanagari script as one of the official languages of the nation. One of the reasons behind celebrating this day is to prevent the increasing trend of the English language in the nation and the neglect of Hindi.

What

  1. The Constituent Assembly of India accepted Hindi, written in Devanagari script, as the official language of India on 14 September 1949.
  2. Officially, the first Hindi Day was celebrated on 14 September 1953.
  3. The reason behind adopting Hindi as one of the official languages was to simplify administration in a nation with multiple languages.
  4. Today, in India alone, there are roughly about 43.6 percent speakers, who identify Hindi as their mother tongue — according to the 2011 census.
  5. The language has other variants as well, like Awadhi, Braj and Khadi Boli.
  6. Rajbhasha Kirti Puraskar and Rajbhasha Gaurav Puraskar awards are also given to ministries, departments, public sector units (PSUs), nationalised banks and citizens on Hindi Diwas for their contribution and promotion of Hindi.