GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India on 11 September 2021 dismissed China’s criticism against the Quad and stated that it was not right to call the four-nation coalition an “Asian NATO”. External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh, however, joined their counterparts from Canberra, Marise Payne and Peter Dutton, to reaffirm shared commitment to rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific region, where India, Australia, United States and Japan forged the Quad to counter the hegemony of China.


  1. The Quad is a coalition forged by India, Japan, Australia and the US in 2007 and revived in 2017 to create a bulwark of democratic nations to counter China’s expansionist moves in the Indo-Pacific.
  2. Modi, Biden, Suga and Morrison had held the first ever summit of the Quad through video-calls on 12 March, elevating the four-nation coalition to the level of the leaders.
  3. The External Affairs Minister on 11 September 2021 pointed out that the Quad was currently focussed on cooperation on ensuring availability of anti-Covid-19 vaccine in the Indo-Pacific, supply chain resilience, education and connectivity in the region.
  4. A joint news-conference after the 2+2 dialogue that the Quad nations were champions of the centrality of the Association of the SouthEast Asian Nations (ASEAN) in the Indo-Pacific region.
  5. India and Australia share an important partnership which is based on a shared vision of a free, open, inclusive and prosperous Indo-Pacific region.
  6. Dutton said that Australia would invite India to take part in the Talisman Sabre wargame in Australia in 2023.