GS Paper - 2 (Education)

IIT-Madras, IISc-Bangalore, and IIT-Bombay have emerged as the country’s top three higher education institutions in the sixth edition of the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) announced by Education Minister Dharmendra Pradhan on 9 September 2021. Not much has changed in the university and engineering schools categories.


  1. No new institution has displaced IISc, Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), and Banaras Hindu University (BHU) from the top three spots among universities.
  2. Similarly, IIT Madras, IIT-Delhi, and IIT-Bombay continue to rule the roost in the engineering table.
  3. The IIMs dominated the management category with IIM-Ahmedabad ranking first, followed by IIM-Bangalore, IIM-Calcutta, IIM-Kozhikode, and IIT-Delhi.
  4. There was a bit of a reshuffle in the college category. While Miranda College retained the top position, Lady Shri Ram College was pegged the second-best.
  5. AIIMS-Delhi is the country’s top medical institute, followed by PGIMER Chandigarh and Christian Medical College in Vellore.
  6. The research category was introduced this year and IISc-Bangalore has been adjudged the best, followed by IIT-Madras and IIT-Bombay.


  1. National Institute Ranking Framework or NIRF is the first-ever effort by the government to rank higher education institutions (HEIs) in the country.
  2. Participation in the NIRF was voluntary in the initial years; it was made compulsory for all government-run educational institutions in 2018.
  3. This year, roughly 6,000 institutions have participated in NIRF — about twice the number in 2016.
  4. In order to be ranked, all education institutions are assessed on five parameters: teaching, learning and resources, research and professional practices, graduation outcomes, outreach and inclusivity, and perception.
  5. NIRF lists out best institutions across 11 categories – overall national ranking, universities, engineering, college, medical, management, pharmacy, law, architecture, dental and research.