GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

India and Singapore on 4 September 2021 concluded maritime bilateral exercise and the complexity of the drills shows ample testimony to the interoperability achieved between the Navies of both countries. The 28th edition of the Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX) was conducted from September 2 to September 4, the Ministry of Defence said.


  1. The Indian Navy was represented by Guided Missile Destroyer INS Ranvijay with a shipborne helicopter, ASW Corvette INS Kiltan and Guided Missile Corvette INS Kora and one P8I Long Range Maritime Patrol Aircraft.
  2. Initiated in 1994, SIMBEX is the Indian Navy's longest uninterrupted bilateral maritime exercise with any foreign navy.
  3. This year's edition of SIMBEX is also a "special occasion" as it takes place during the ongoing celebrations of the 75th year of India's independence.
  4. The success of SIMBEX-2021 is yet another demonstration of the mutual resolve on both sides to strengthen the bilateral partnership further in the years ahead.
  5. This year's SIMBEX was planned without any physical interactions as an 'at-sea only' exercise hosted by the RSN in the southern fringes of the South China Sea.


  1. India-Singapore Defence relations remain a very significant aspect of the overall bilateral relationship and cover a very wide spectrum of collaboration from conventional military-to-military exchanges to HADR and cyber security.
  2. Both navies have a representation in each other's Maritime Information Fusion Centres and have also recently signed an agreement on mutual submarine rescue support and coordination.