GS Paper - 3 (Defence)

The National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL) said that the new generation HANSA (Hansa-NG), a two-seater aircraft designed and developed by it, successfully made its maiden flight of 20 minutes on 3 September 2021.


  1. The unique features of HANSA-NG are the glass cockpit with cabin comfort, high efficient digitally-controlled engine, electrically operated flaps, long endurance, low acquisition and operating cost.
  2. NAL has already received 72 letters of intent (LoIs) from various flying clubs and the aircraft will be certified in the next four months after which the process of induction would begin.
  3. HANSA-NG is an upgraded version of HANSA, which saw the first flight in 1993, and was certified in 2000.
  4. Between 2000 and 2007, NAL developed 12 HANSA aircraft which were delivered to flying clubs across India through the DGCA (directorate general of civil aviation).
  5. It has since logged more than 4,000 flying hours with IIT-Kanpur still flying the aircraft.
  6. The Centre approved HANSA-NG in 2018 and NAL retro-modified HANSA-3 aircraft with a glass cockpit and got it certified by DGCA.
  7. NAL is a constituent of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and India’s only government-owned aerospace research and development laboratory in the civilian sector.