India’s first building made of bio-bricks
GS Paper - 3 (Agriculture)
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Hyderabad inaugurated India’s first building made of bio-bricks from agro-waste. Calling it a perfect illustration of ‘Wealth from Waste’, IIT-H Director BS Murthy said the institute will submit a proposal to the Ministry of Agriculture to promote its wider adoption by the rural community.
- Researchers at the IIT demonstrated that agricultural waste can be converted into sustainable materials which, in turn, can be used to build eco-friendly, cost-effective structures. In April this year, the team secured a patent for the bio-brick material and its manufacturing technology.
- It is part of the Bold Unique Idea Lead Development (BUILD) project to demonstrate the strength and versatility of the material.
- This innovation is going to be a game-changer for rural village farmers as their agricultural waste will become an income generator for them.
- Burning of agro-waste after harvest is a major cause of air pollution. The bio-brick technology was developed to counter such pollution caused by stubble burning.
- Bio-bricks are economical and are found to be 1/8 and 1/10 of weight for similar volume compared to burnt clay bricks and concrete blocks, respectively.
- According to the researchers, the material exhibits excellent thermal insulation and fire-retardant properties. When used in roofing and wall panelling, it can effectively reduce heat gain by 5 – 6 degrees.