GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) under India's presidency adopted a strong resolution on Afghanistan demanding that the Afghan territory 'not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists.' The UNSC resolution was adopted after 13 countries voted in favour of it while China and Russia, both permanent members of the council, chose to abstain from voting.


  1. The resolution was proposed by the US, the UK and France after the pullout of their respective troops from the war-torn nation.
  2. It demanded that the Taliban adhere to its assurances and allow safe passage for Afghans and foreigners who want to leave.
  3. Reaffirming its commitment to the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, and national unity of Afghanistan, the UNSC resolution has strongly condemned the attack at the Kabul Airport on 26 August 2021.
  4. A key aspect of the resolution which has also been consistently highlighted by India is the demand that Afghan territory not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter, train terrorists, or plan or finance terrorist acts.
  5. The resolution also calls for the strengthened efforts to provide humanitarian assistance to Afghanistan and calls on all parties to allow full, safe, and unhindered access for the United Nations.
  6. Additionally, it reaffirms the importance of upholding human rights including those of women, children and minorities, and encourages all parties to seek an inclusive, negotiated political settlement with meaningful participation of women.