GS Paper - 2 (Nuclear Diplomacy)

In December 2009, the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution and declared 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests. More than 2,000 nuclear tests have been conducted since the nuclear weapons testing started on 16 July 1945. In the initial days, little importance was given to the disastrous effect of nuclear weapons on humans.


  1. The UN resolution has called on increasing awareness about the ill effects of nuclear weapons testing and the need to stop these atomic explosions to achieve the goal of nuclear-weapon-free world.
  2. The Republic of Kazakhstan along with other sponsors and cosponsors initiated the resolution to commemorate the closure of the Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test site on 29 August 1991.
  3. After the establishment of this resolution, many internationals and inter-governmental pacts have been signed to effect the ban on nuclear tests.

International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

  1. The General Assembly declared 26 September as the “International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons".
  2. This day was first observed for the first time in September 2014.

What is CTBT

  1. An international treaty called Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) came into being in 1996 to put an end to all forms of nuclear testing.