GS Paper - 3 (Environment)

Environment ministers of India, Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa participated in the 7th meeting of the BRICS Environment Ministerial, 2021, and have adopted the ‘New Delhi Statement on Environment’, which is also aimed at furthering the spirit of Cooperation for Continuity, Consolidation and Consensus in Environment among the BRICS Nations, especially ahead of the COP 15 Biodiversity meet in October and COP26 in November.

What

  1. The countries have agreed to work in close proximity to tackle the challenges of climate change ahead of these two significant meets. The meeting was chaired by Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav.
  2. At the meeting, India stressed on the need for taking concrete collective global actions against the climate challenge, guided by equity, national priorities and circumstances, and the principles of “Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC)”.
  3. The countries reiterated the need to “honour the commitments made by developed countries in the pre-2020 period, even as we move into a post-2020 era, including the yearly $100 billion goal for climate finance.
  4. The BRICS nations have also noted with “grave concern” the proposals for introducing trade barriers, such as unilateral carbon border adjustment, which they have called discriminatory.
  5. BRICS countries being hotspots for biodiversity can tell the world how we have been conserving such mega diversity since time immemorial, and can also play a very significant role in combating the Covid-19 pandemic, India said.
  6. The countries have agreed to focus on cooperation on waste management observing that the “efficient management of wastes including recovery of energy and secondary raw materials is crucial for resource conservation, healthy ecosystem and quality of life of our people”.
  7. India has launched an initiative of BRICS Resource Efficiency and Circular Economy Dialogue which is to facilitate an exchange of knowledge and best practices on waste management, resource efficiency and circular economy.
  8. The countries will also engage in dialogues on construction, agriculture, solar, biofuels, packaging, electronic wastes, food, water and textiles.