GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

Navies of the four member nations of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or the QuadIndia, the United States, Japan, and Australia — are participating in the 25th edition of the Malabar Exercise, which began off the coast of Guam in the Pacific Ocean on 26 August 2021.

What is the Malabar Exercise?

  1. Malabar is a multilateral war-gaming naval exercise that was started in 1992.
  2. It began as a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and the United States. Two more editions of the exercise were carried out in 1995 and 1996, after which there was a break until 2002 in the aftermath of India’s nuclear tests.
  3. From 2002 onward, the exercise has been conducted every year. Japan and Australia first participated in 2007, and since 2014, India, the US and Japan have participated in the exercise every year.
  4. Last year, the exercise was conducted in two phases — the first off the coast of Vishakhapatnam in the Bay of Bengal, and then in the Arabian Sea in November.
  5. In 2019, the exercise had been conducted off the coast of Japan, and in 2018, in the Philippine Sea.