GS Paper - 3 (Energy)

Prime Minister on 15 August 2021 announced the National Hydrogen Mission with an aim to make India a hub for the production and export of green hydrogen. Addressing the nation on 75th Independence Day, the Prime Minister took a pledge to make India energy independent before completing 100 years of independence.


  1. He admitted that India is not energy independent and spends over Rs 12 lakh crores every year for energy requirements.
  2. For the progress of India, it is necessary for India to be energy independent to make an Aatmannirbhar Bharat.
  3. The National Hydrogen Mission, in line with the Government’s push to meet its climate targets.
  4. We have already announced a target of achieving 450 GW renewable energy by 2030, and I am happy to say that out of this we have already achieved 100 GW ahead of time.
  5. The National Hydrogen Mission and the green hydrogen sector will give us a quantum jump in meeting our climate targets. We have to make India a green hydrogen hub, and this will also lead to a clean energy transition, PM said.


  1. Green hydrogen is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyser powered by electricity from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.
  2. The PM said that this can be achieved through various schemes such as 20 per cent Ethanol blending and providing an impetus to electric mobility.
  3. The PM further said that Indian Railways had targeted 2030 to attain net-zero emissions.