National Hydrogen Mission
GS Paper - 3 (Energy)
Prime Minister on 15 August 2021 announced the National Hydrogen Mission with an aim to make India a hub for the production and export of green hydrogen. Addressing the nation on 75th Independence Day, the Prime Minister took a pledge to make India energy independent before completing 100 years of independence.
- He admitted that India is not energy independent and spends over Rs 12 lakh crores every year for energy requirements.
- For the progress of India, it is necessary for India to be energy independent to make an Aatmannirbhar Bharat.
- The National Hydrogen Mission, in line with the Government’s push to meet its climate targets.
- We have already announced a target of achieving 450 GW renewable energy by 2030, and I am happy to say that out of this we have already achieved 100 GW ahead of time.
- The National Hydrogen Mission and the green hydrogen sector will give us a quantum jump in meeting our climate targets. We have to make India a green hydrogen hub, and this will also lead to a clean energy transition, PM said.
- Green hydrogen is produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using an electrolyser powered by electricity from renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.
- The PM said that this can be achieved through various schemes such as 20 per cent Ethanol blending and providing an impetus to electric mobility.
- The PM further said that Indian Railways had targeted 2030 to attain net-zero emissions.