GS Paper - 2 (International Relations)

In a sign of growing defence ties between the two nations, the naval army of India and Saudi Arabia started their first-ever joint exercise on 12 August 2021, called the Al-Mohed Al-Hindi Exercise. The sea phase of the exercise began on 12 August 2021.


  1. Bearing testimony to the growing defence ties between India and Saudi Arabia, INS KOCHI, the flagship destroyer of Indian Western Naval Fleet, arrived at Port Al-Jubail on 9 August 2021.
  2. The visit by the ship heralds a new chapter in the bilateral defence ties with the commencement of the harbour phase of first Naval Exercise between the two countries – ‘AL-MOHED AL-HINDI 2021’.
  3. AL-MOHED AL-HINDI 2021’ which commenced on 9 August 2021 comprises a number of shore and sea-based exercises between the two friendly Navies.
  4. INS KOCHI, an indigenously designed and built Kolkata class stealth guided missile destroyer, by Mazagaon Dock Limited, Mumbai was commissioned on 30 September 2015 and is one of the most potent warships in its class.
  5. The ship incorporates new design concepts for stealth and has many firsts to her credit, including a large component of indigenous combat suites.
  6. The Ship can be truly classified as a ‘Network of Networks’ as it is equipped with sophisticated digital networks, besides a sophisticated array of state of art weapons and sensors to neutralise any threat from the air, sea and underwater.
  7. The unique feature of the ship is the high level of indigenisation achieved with most of the systems onboard sourced from within the country.