GS Paper - 3 (Science and Technology)

The country on 11 August 2021 successfully tested the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)-developed Indigenous Technology Cruise Missile off the coast of Odisha’s Balasore district. The missile flew for around 150 km with an indigenous cruise engine.


  1. The missile has been designed and developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
  2. Earlier, on 23 July 2021, the country had successfully test-fired indigenously developed New Generation Akash Missile (Akash-NG), a Surface to Air Missile defence system in Balasore.
  3. It was the second test firing of the 30 km strike-range air defence missile systems in two days.
  4. In June, India had successfully test-fired its new generation nuclear-capable Agni Prime missile from a defence base off the Odisha coast.
  5. The surface-to-surface ballistic missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher off the Abdul Kalam Island in Odisha. It has a range of 1000 to 2000 km.