First-ever draft convention on cybercrime
Russia has proposed to the United Nations to expand the number of internationally designated types of cybercrimes from nine to 23, Deputy Prosecutor General Petr Gorodov said. Russia submitted the world's first-ever draft convention on countering cybercrime to the UN. The draft convention, presented by Gorodov in Vienna, "introduces new elements of crimes committed using information and communication".
- The draft reflects 23 corpus delicti, including unauthorized access to personal data, illegal distribution of counterfeit medicines and medical devices, terrorism, extremism, rehabilitation of Nazism, illegal trafficking of drugs, weapons, involvement of minors in illegal activities and much more -- all the most relevant in the world of cybercrime.
- The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime of the Council of Europe is outdated as it was introduced in 2001 and determines "only nine types" of cybercrimes.
- The draft convention pays great attention to procedural aspects, as well as emergency mechanisms of interaction, which increase the speed and efficiency of law enforcement agencies in investigating cybercrimes "of a cross-border nature and requiring an instant response".
What are the existing designated cybercrimes?
- The Budapest Treaty (more commonly known as the Convention on Cybercrime) was signed by South Africa, Canada, Japan and the United States in 2001 and entered into force in July 2004.
- This is the Internet and other computer networks. However, since the treaty was created in the early 2000s, it only covered cybercrime that was recognized at the time.
- The nine main crimes specified in the treaty include: illegal access, illegal interception, data interference, system interference, device misuse, computer-related counterfeiting, computer-related fraud, child pornography-related crimes, copyright and Includes crimes related to infringement of related rights.