India assured the United Nations (UN) that it will continue with its efforts in transforming into sustainable agri-food systems and to achieve the targets set in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at virtual ministerial roundtable of the UN Food Systems Summit on 'Transforming Food Systems for Achieving the SDGs: Rising to the Challenge' and India has taken various steps to transform its agri-food systems into sustainable systems.

What

  1. Not only to transform agri-food systems into sustainable systems, India has taken measures to provide income support to farmers, improve rural incomes, as well as address the issues of under-nutrition and malnutrition in the country.
  2. Emphasizing the importance of the agriculture sector, India has a strong conviction that agriculture has to play a vital role in socio-economic transformation in developing countries and in securing a sustainable future for the planet.
  3. India is now focusing to enhance productivity, make post-harvest management robust, and give farmers and buyers a unified national market for optimizing benefits to both.
  4. India has embarked on very ambitious reforms in the agriculture sector to double the income of farmers in coming years.
  5. India has created a dedicated Agriculture Infrastructure Fund worth USD 14 billion which aims to create farm gate and agriculture marketing infrastructure in rural areas by providing interest subventions and credit guarantee to entrepreneurs which will greatly help in reducing the post-harvest losses thereby directly benefiting the farmers.
  6. India has launched a scheme for the formation and promotion of Farmer Producers Organizations to provide scale advantage to small and marginal farmers.
  7. The agricultural marketing reforms have been undertaken which removed barriers to the interstate marketing of agricultural produce.
  8. India is running the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme that provides a constitutional right to every rural household to work for 100 days a year on a voluntary basis.
  9. Further, India is actively promoting organic farming for ensuring sustainable productivity, food security, and soil health. India has developed 262 abiotic stress-tolerant varieties of different crops.

Flashback

  1. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by the UN body in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure that by 2030 all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
  2. According to the UN body, sustainable food systems don't just help to end hunger, but can help the world achieve critical progress on all 17 SDGs.