Ramappa temple conferred UNESCO tag
The Ramappa temple at Palampet in Telangana's Warangal has been conferred the tag of UNESCO World Heritage site, the Culture Ministry said on 25 July 2021. A consensus was reached in this regard during the ongoing virtual meet of the World Heritage Committee. While Norway opposed the inscription, Russia led an effort to have the temple recognised as a World Heritage Site. A consensus of 17 countries supported the move.
A brief description on the Rudreswara (Ramappa) Temple
- The Rudreswara temple was constructed in 1213 AD during the reign of the Kakatiya Empire by RecharlaRudra, a general of Kakatiya king Ganapati Deva.
- The presiding deity is Ramalingeswara Swamy. It is also known as the Ramappa temple, after the sculptor who executed the work in the temple for 40 years.
- The temple complexes of Kakatiyas have a distinct style, technology and decoration exhibiting the influence of the Kakatiyan sculptor.
- The Ramappa Temple is a manifestation of this and often stands as a testimonial to the Kakatiyan creative genius.
- The temple stands on a 6 feet high star-shaped platform with walls, pillars and ceilings adorned with intricate carvings that attest to the unique skill of the Kakatiyan sculptors.
- The sculptural art and decoration specific to the time and Kakatiyan Empire have an outstanding universal value.
- The distinct style of Kakatiyas for the gateways to temple complexes unique only to this region confirms the highly evolved proportions of aesthetics in temple and town gateways in South India.
- European merchants and travelers were mesmerized by the beauty of the temple and one such traveler had remarked that the temple was the "brightest star in the galaxy of medieval temples of the Deccan".
UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE STATUS
- The “Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple” has been on the UNESCO Tentative List since 15 April 2014. The dossier was created by the Telangana state government.
- The “Rudreshwara (Ramappa) Temple” dossier, along with the dossier for Jaipur City, was submitted to the World Heritage Centre in 2018.
- It was prioritised for the inscription process in the year 2019, and an International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) expert evaluated the site in September 2019.
- Additional information, as requested by WHC, was duly submitted in the months of October 2019 and February 2020.
- The decision on the inscription was set to be announced at the 44th World Health Assembly meeting in Fuzhou, China, in May 2020. However, the committee meeting was cancelled due to the sudden outbreak of Covid-19.
- The decision will be made at the upcoming extended 44th Session in China later this year.
- The committee members generally base their decisions on the recommendations of the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) evaluation advisory body.