China has commissioned three main battle warships, including a nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine, a large destroyer and the country's largest amphibious assault ship that can carry around 30 helicopters and hundreds of troops. The ships were commissioned at a ceremony on 24 April 2021 attended by President Xi Jinping at Sanya, China's main naval base in the disputed South China Sea in Hainan province.


  1. The vessels commissioned included the Type 075 amphibious assault ships, which can carry an estimated 30 helicopters and hundreds of troops.
  2. It is China's largest amphibious assault ship with an estimated displacement of about 40,000 tonnes.
  3. The Type 09IV submarine is believed to be the second-generation class of China's nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines, replacing the old Type 09II.
  4. The Type 055 is the most powerful destroyer in the People's liberation Army Navy (PLAN) which is equipped with new types of air-defence, missile-defence, anti-ship and anti-submarine weapons.
  5. The new additions are part of the massive modernisation of the PLAN which included the aircraft carriers.
  6. Beijing claims most part of the 1.3 million square mile South China Sea as its sovereign territory.
  7. China has been building military bases on artificial islands in the region also claimed by Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam.
  8. China has also built its naval bases in Djibouti in the Indian Ocean besides Pakistan's Gwadar port and acquired Sri Lanka's Hambantota port for 99 years' lease.