The Prime Minister announced the launch of an ‘India-US climate and clean energy Agenda 2030’ partnership to address climate change. Modi made the announcement at the Leaders’ Summit on Climate, hosted by US President Joe Biden in the run up to global climate meet, COP 26, scheduled in Glasgow in November.


  1. Several leaders who attended the summit announced emission cut plans.
  2. While President Biden said the US emission will be 50% to 52% lower in 2030 than levels in 2005, Chinese President Xi Jinping mentioned his country’s 2060 zero net target as well as plans to reduce coal consumption starting from 2025.
  3. India’s share in per capita carbon footprint was a fraction of the global average and that the country was taking ‘bold steps’ despite huge developmental challenges.
  4. Nationally Defined Contributions (NDCs) are each country’s goals towards achieving the Paris Agreement target of limiting rising temperatures to less than 2 degrees Celsius.
  5. The Prime Minister also emphasised India’s encouragement of global initiatives such as the International Solar Alliance and the Coalition for Disaster Resilience Infrastructure.