Chandigarh has been selected as one of the 25 non-attainment cities for the Source Apportionment and Carrying Capacity (SACC) study, conducted by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), for establishing the sources of pollutant contents in the city. Earlier, the UT Administration had decided to conduct the study by itself, by inviting expression of interests (EoI) from eligible institutes, for conducting it. The bid for conducting the study ranged from Rs five crore by IIT Kanpur and Rs 50 lakh by Panjab University, besides six others. In October end, the CPCB turned its mind to conduct the study on its own and hired a central agency for SACC in at least 25 cities, including Chandigarh. 
 
What
  1. The CPCB recently sent a communication about its decision to the UT Environment Department
  2. The CPCB had already sanctioned Rs 80 lakh to the UT administration for hiring an agency for the study. 
  3. The study was made mandatory in a decision of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) dating back to August 2019
  4. There are a total of 102 non-attainment cities in the country, including Chandigarh. In the first phase, 25 cities, including Chandigarh, were selected.
  5. The main concern of the study has to be the pollutants that alter the air quality of the non-attainment cities, like PM10 and PM2.5 among others
  6. The sources of such pollutants include motor vehicles, industrial emissions, garbage disposal and unauthorised burning
Flashback
  1. The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), statutory organisation, was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974
  2. Further, CPCB was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  3. It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986
  4. Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, (i) to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution, and (ii) to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.