The government on 24 September 2020 said it has notified standards for safety evaluation of hydrogen fuel cell-based vehicles. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) has issued a notification in this regard. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways has notified the Standards for Safety Evaluation of vehicles being propelled by Hydrogen Fuel cells through an amendment to Central Motor Vehicles Rules 1989 ...dated 23rd September, 2020.

What

  1. This would facilitate the promotion of hydrogen fuel cell-based vehicles in the country, which are energy-efficient and environmentally friendly.
  2. The prospective manufacturer and suppliers of such vehicles have the standards available for the testing of such vehicles.
  3. These standards are also at par with the available international standards.

How does the hydrogen fuel cell work?

  1. At the heart of the fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) is a device that uses a source of fuel, such as hydrogen, and an oxidant to create electricity by an electrochemical process.
  2. Put simply, the fuel cell combines hydrogen and oxygen to generate electric current, water being the only byproduct.
  3. Like conventional batteries under the bonnets of automobiles, hydrogen fuel cells convert chemical energy into electrical energy.
  4. From a long-term viability perspective, FCEVs are billed as vehicles of the future, given that hydrogen is the most abundant resource in the universe.