India needs a paradigm shift in personal data management that will promote greater user control on data sharing, according to a new discussion paper by Niti Aayog. The draft for discussion paper titled 'Data Empowerment and Protection Architecture (DEPA)' further said it is designed as an evolvable and agile framework for good data governance, given the rapid pace of change in this arena. In a nutshell, it said, DEPA empowers people to seamlessly and securely access their data and share it with third-party institutions.
  1. The draft paper further said that opening up an Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) based data sharing framework would bring significant innovation by new fintech entities.
  2. APIs enable seamless encrypted data flow between data providers and data users through a consent manager.
  3. India needs a paradigm shift in personal data management that transforms the current organisation-centric data sharing system to an individual centric approach that promotes user control on data sharing for empowerment, the discussion paper said.
  4. It noted that DEPA is predicated on the notion that individuals should have control over how their personal data is used and shared.
  5. The draft for discussion paper also pointed out that a well designed data governance framework for the Indian context would enable, not just secure data protection, but also grant users control over data through a safe and seamless protocol to share data across institutions, leading to individual empowerment and well-being.
  6. According to the discussion paper, other countries have responded to data protection challenges by implementing efforts to improve data protection and consent-based sharing (such as Open Banking in the UK or General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) in the EU), which India can learn from.
  7. India will be taking a historic step towards empowering individuals with control over their personal data, by operationalizing an evolvable regulatory, institutional, and technology design for secure data sharing.
  8. DEPA builds the right infrastructure. It inverts the traditional Western model where data is simply used to advertise and sell products, to one where data can be used to empower a billion Indians, the Niti Aayog said.