Germany Foreign Minister Heiko Maas agreed with his Israeli counterpart 27 August 2020 that an effort must be made to extend a weapon embargo on Iran, while stressing Germany still sees the landmark 2015 deal between Tehran and world powers as the best way to prevent the country from obtaining a nuclear weapon. With a current U.N. arms embargo on Iran due to expire on Oct. 18, Israeli Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi told in Berlin an extension was needed to prevent Iran from getting more advanced weapons systems and spreading them around the Middle East.
  1. The United States wants a full extension of the embargo on Iran, which would almost certainly be vetoed by Russia and China in the U.N. Security Council.
  2. Germany and others are currently trying to find some middle ground that would meet with Russian and Chinese approval and not be vetoed by the U.S. in the Security Council.
  3. At the same time, Germany still sees the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action signed with Iran in 2015, promising the country economic incentives in exchange for curbs on its nuclear program, the best deal to prevent the country from developing an atomic weapon.
  4. Israel is against the deal, and the U.S. pulled out unilaterally in 2018, leaving the others involved Germany, France, Britain, Russia and China struggling to keep it alive.
  5. Concerns outside the JCPOA, like Iran's ballistic missile program and influence in Syria, Lebanon and Iraq, need to be addressed, but that we want to preserve the JCPOA to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon. Iran must change its approach in the region, we are not naive about Iran.
  6. The two ministers met at the House of the Wannsee Conference memorial, a villa in southwestern Berlin where senior Nazis and bureaucrats coordinated plans for the Holocaust in 1942.