The National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX) will launch options in goods for three commoditiesmustard seed, wheat and maize — on 27 July 2020. Contracts expiring in the months of October and November will be available for trading from July 27 onwards in all three commodities, NCDEX said in a webinar. NCDEX will become the first exchange in the country to launch options in agriculture goods.
 
What
  1. In January 2020, the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Sebi) had allowed exchanges to launch ‘Options in Goods’ in their commodity derivatives segment.
  2. With options in goods, contracts will be completed only through compulsory delivery on the day of the settlement.
  3. It would specially be convenient and beneficial for farmers and farmer groups who want to buy options to lock their price to hedge against any adverse movement of prices, NCDEX said.
  4. Unlike the current options contract that devolves on futures trading on expiry, the new ‘options on goods’ would be settled through physical delivery.
  5. These products are much more simplistic in nature and are best suited for FPOs (farmer producer organisations) or farmers who can protect themselves by buying put options, and if required can deliver physical goods smoothly.
  6. Earlier, SEBI has mandated that options on any commodity can be launched only if it records a minimum monthly average turnover of Rs 200 crore in futures market. However, there is no such trading limit for exchanges to launch options on goods.
  7. Going forward, the exchange is planning to launch five commodities for trading in options in goods platformchana, guar gum, guar seed, soyabean and soya oil, that were introduced for trading in options in futures platform.
  8. These five commodities were earlier introduced for trading in the options in futures platforms and which was subsequently suspended from July 21. 
Flashback
  1. National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX) is a leading agricultural commodity exchange in India.
  2. The Exchange was incorporated as a public limited company on April 23, 2003, pursuant to a certificate of incorporation and commenced its business pursuant to a certificate for commencement of business dated May 9, 2003. 
  3. The Exchange was registered with the Forward Markets Commission as a recognised association under The Forward Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1952.
  4. NCDEX is regulated by Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI)
  5. NCDEX headquarters are located in Mumbai and offers facilities to its members from the centres located throughout India.