Nepal's upper house of Parliament on 18 June 2020 unanimously voted to amend the Constitution to update the country's new political map, laying claim over three strategically key areas along the border with it. India has already termed as "untenable" the "artificial enlargement" of territorial claims by Nepal after its lower house of Parliament unanimously approved the new political map of the country featuring areas which India maintains belong to it. Nepal last month released the revised political and administrative map of the country laying claim over the strategically key areas, more than six months after India published a new map in November 2019.
 
What
  1. The National Assembly, or the upper house of the Nepalese parliament, unanimously passed the Constitution amendment bill providing for the inclusion of the country's new political map in its national emblem.
  2. The bill to amend the Constitution to update the new map was tabled in the National Assembly, the upper house, a day after the House of Representatives unanimously endorsed it.
  3. All 57 members of the National Assembly, who were present on the occasion, voted in favour of the amendment bill. There was zero vote against the Bill.
  4. Now the bill will be sent to President Bidya Devi Bhandari for authentication after which it will be incorporated in the Constitution. After that, the new map will be used in all official documents, including the coat of arms. The Cabinet had endorsed the new political map on May 18.
  5. The India-Nepal bilateral ties came under strain after Defence Minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated a 80-km-long strategically crucial road connecting the Lipulekh pass with Dharchula in Uttarakhand on May 8.
  6. Nepal reacted sharply to the inauguration of the road claiming that it passed through Nepalese territory. India rejected the claim asserting that the road lies completely within its territory.
  7. India has sternly asked Nepal not to resort to any "artificial enlargement" of territorial claims.
  8. Nepalese Prime Minister K P Sharma Oli has been asserting that Lipulekh, Kalapani and Limpiyadhura belong to Nepal and vowed to "reclaim" them from India.