The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) on 8 March 2020 called for inclusion of women in peace talks. Marking International Women’s Day, the UNAMA said in a statement that with anticipation building that the door for intra—Afghan peace talks will open, women’s advocacy groups and activists across Afghanistan have focused on developing strategies to protect and advance the gains they have made in social, political, civic and economic life.
 
What
  1. These strategies, backed by the UN and coupled with the growing recognition that women must be included in any formal peace negotiations, are expected to yield results: country—wide and community—level ownership, along with the full and meaningful participation in political decision—making among all members of society.
  2. The UN mission in Afghanistan marked International Women’s Day under the global theme of “I Am Generation Equality: Realizing Women’s Rights” to leverage individual and collective efforts to make gender equality and women’s rights a living reality.
  3. To create a peaceful and inclusive society, it is essential that Afghan women have access to education, healthcare and decent work, and that they are fully represented in all areas of political decision—making, from parliament to the peace table.
  4. While we have seen significant progress on women’s rights in Afghanistan, including formal legislation and national action plans, we continue to see powerful social and political pushback. This situation must change for Afghan women, and for the benefit of Afghanistan as a nation.
  5. Recognizing that Afghanistan will be more resilient in the face of conflict when gender equality is prioritized, the UN will continue to support all efforts toward gender equality and all opportunities for women to reclaim their rightful place in all areas of society.
Flashback
  1. The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) is a political UN mission established at the request of the Government of Afghanistan to assist it and the people of Afghanistan in laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development
  2. UNAMA was established on 28 March 2002 by United Nations Security Council Resolution. Its original mandate was to support the Bonn Agreement (December 2001). Reviewed annually, this mandate has been altered over time to reflect the needs of the country and was extended for another year on 17 September 2019, by Resolution (2019).
  3. Resolution (2019) calls for UNAMA and the Secretary-General’s Special Representative for Afghanistan, within their mandate and in a manner consistent with Afghan sovereignty, leadership and ownership, to continue to lead and coordinate international civilian efforts in full cooperation with the Government of Afghanistan.
  4. The Bonn Agreement was signed on December 5, 2001 by representatives of several different anti-Taliban factions and political groups
  5. It established a roadmap and timetable for establishing peace and security, reconstructing the country, reestablishing some key institutions, and protecting human rights.
  6. The agreement contains provisions addressing military demobilization and integration, international peacekeeping, and human rights monitoring.