The World Health Organization on 28 February 2020 raised its global risk assessment of the new coronavirus to its highest level after the epidemic spread to sub-Saharan Africa and caused financial markets to plunge. WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said the risk was being raised to "very high" because of the continued increase in cases and the number of new countries affected in recent days. These developments "are clearly of concern", Tedros told reporters in Geneva. But he added: "We still have a chance of containing this virus, if robust action is taken to detect cases early, isolate and care for patients and trace contacts."

 

What

  1. The virus has proliferated around the globe over the past week, emerging on every continent except Antarctica, prompting many governments and businesses to try to stop people travelling or gathering in crowded places.
  2. Switzerland became the latest country to announce drastic measures on 28 February 2020, saying all events with more than 1,000 participants would be suspended until March 15.
  3. The ban forced the cancellation of the Geneva International Motor Show -- a major item on the global auto industry calendar -- that was due to start next week.
  4. The virus has killed more than 2,800 people and infected over 83,000 worldwide -- the vast majority in China -- since it emerged apparently from an animal market in a central Chinese city in late December.
  5. The number of deaths and new infections has been tapering off in China, following unprecedented quarantine efforts locking down tens of millions of people in the worst-hit cities.
  6. But infections elsewhere have started to surge, with Iran, Italy and South Korea becoming the major new hotspots and cases being confirmed in around 50 countries.
  7. The WHO has voiced particular concern about Africa's preparedness, warning that the continent's health care systems were ill-equipped to respond to a COVID-19 epidemic.

What is a coronavirus?

  1. Coronaviruses are a class of viruses so named because their electron microscope image resembles the corona of the sun.
  2. Coronaviruses are usually found in animals, but sometimes get transmitted to human beings possibly through the food chain.
  3. This happened during the 2003 outbreak of SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), which too was caused by a coronavirus and originating in China, and which had claimed close to 800 lives.
  4. The coronavirus strain involved in the current strain too is getting transmitted to humans. The strain has named Covid 19.