Economic think-tank NCAER on 27 February 2020 said Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu are the top states in terms of digitisation of land records and their quality. Releasing the new NCAER Land Records and Services Index (N-LRSI 2020), the National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) said the data will energise land governance in India.
 
What
  1. Scoring 60-75 points, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Tamil Nadu were the five best-performing states on the N-LRSI.
  2. West Bengal, Jharkhand, Rajasthan, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh were the six states in the 50-60 points category.
  3. Those trailing included Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir, Sikkim, Chandigarh, Kerala, Assam, Manipur, Delhi and Bihar.
  4. Over the years, different states have made significant progress in making their land records digitally available to citizens, NCAER said in a statement.
  5. The N-LRSI aims to understand the extent of this progress and existing gaps and to identify measures to improve land records in each state.
  6. The economic research body said access to land is a critical factor for economic growth and poverty reduction. For government, industry, and citizens to be able to use this asset effectively and to minimise disputes, it is important to have access to reliable land and property records.
  7. The 2020 N-LRSI is based on data collected over 2019-20 on two aspects of the supply of land records — the extent of digitisation of land records and the quality of these land records.
  8. This brings out the strengths and areas of improvement for the government agencies and makes very practical recommendations on the way forward. 
  9. The Central and state governments should pay utmost attention to the findings of the index and tailor their policies and programmes accordingly.
  10. Established in 1956, NCAER is India’s oldest and largest independent, non-profit, economic policy research institute. Six decades in the life of a nation is a long time.
NCAER’s work falls into four thematic areas:
  1. Growth, Macro, Trade, and Economic Policy
  2. Investment Climate, Industry, Infrastructure, Labour, and Urban
  3. Agriculture and Rural Development, Natural Resources, and Environment
  4. Poverty, Equity, Human Development, and Consumers