The Centre has rejected Andhra Pradesh government’s proposal to release the payment under PM-KISAN scheme as a lumpsum amount instead of installments, Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar informed Parliament on 11 February 2020. Under PM-KISAN, the central government provides a payment of Rs 6,000 per year in three equal installments of Rs 2,000 to 14.5 crore farmers across the country.
 
What
  1. Tomar said the Andhra Pradesh government under its Rythu Bharosa scheme proposed to give Rs 12,500 per year to each farmer family inclusive of a benefit of Rs 6,000 given under PM-KISAN. The state government scheme also aimed to cover the tenant farmers.
  2. The State government had requested to release the payments under PM-KISAN scheme as a lumpsum amount instead of payments in installments. The request of Government of Andhra Pradesh was not accepted.
  3. The state’s proposal was “not accepted” because PM-KISAN was meant to provide income support to all land holding farmers’ families in the country, subject to certain exclusions.
  4. An amount of Rs 2,000 was paid in three equal installments to enable farmers take care of expenses related to agriculture and allied activities as well as domestic needs so as to protect them from falling into the clutches of moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in farming activities.
  5. The eligibility of farmers to join PM-KISAN is determined by the respective state governments on the basis of Operational Guidelines of the Scheme.
  6. As per the 2015-16 agriculture census, there are about 83.90 lakh landholdings in Andhra Pradesh. So far, 54.45 lakh farmers have registered under PM-KISAN, the Union Minister said.
  7. To those registered between December 2018 and March 31, 2019 in Andhra Pradesh, the centre has paid the first installment to 36.40 lakh beneficiaries, second installment to 34.11 lakh beneficiaries, third installment to 33.78 lakh beneficiaries and fourth installment to 31.35 lakh beneficiaries.
  8. To those registered between April and July 2019 in the state, the centre has released the first installment to 7.92 lakh beneficiaries, second installment to 7.64 lakh beneficiaries and third installment to 7.35 lakh beneficiaries.
Flashback
  1. With a view to augment the income of the Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs), the Government has launched a new Central Sector Scheme, namely, “Pradhan Mantri KIsan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)”.
  2. The PM-KISAN scheme aims to supplement the financial needs of the SMFs in procuring various inputs to ensure proper crop health and appropriate yields, commensurate with the anticipated farm income at the end of each crop cycle.
  3. This would also protect them from falling into the clutches of moneylenders for meeting such expenses and ensure their continuance in the farming activities.
  4. The Scheme was effective from 01.12.2018 for transfer of benefits to eligible beneficiaries.
  5. The cut-off date for determining the eligibility of beneficiaries, has been kept as 01.02.2019.
  6. Changes, if any, in the cut-off date for eligibility of benefit under the scheme for the next 5 years will only be considered with approval of the Cabinet
  7. However benefit will be allowed on transfer of ownership of cultivable land on account of succession due to death of the landowner.
  8. The SMFs landholder farmer family is defined as “a family comprising of husband, wife and minor children who collectively own cultivable land upto 2 hectare as per land records of the concerned State/UT”.