DRDO indigenous tech
The DRDO installations at the DefExpo 2020 in Lucknow have proven to be among the largest crowd-pullers. The Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile — successfully tested last year, making India the fourth country to successfully attack satellites — is attracting a lot of attention. So are the Akash Missile systems and the tanks. However, the installations are not restricted only to its defence systems — it has also brought some of its latest technologies that will be used by the country’s armed and paramilitary forces not just in combat zones, but also in counter-intelligence, surveillance and sanitisation operations.
- While some of the technologies displayed are ready to be inducted, others are still at the trial stage, and a few others are still at the proposal stage.
- Among the installations is that of its latest Daksh robot, also called the Unexploded Ordnance Robot.
- The Daksh Defuser, DRDO scientists said, is the world’s first machine that can not only handle unexploded bombs remotely, but can also defuse them.
- Scientists said that the machine can be operated from a distance of up to 2 km, and while one arms of the machine can extricate a bomb from the ground, another arm can defuse or cut it.
What is Daksh?
- Daksh is an electrically powered Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) designed and developed by the Indian state-owned Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) at the Research and Development Establishment (Engineers), Pune, India.
- Primarily designed to recover improvised explosive devices (IEDs), ROV Daksh can safely locate, handle and destroy all types of hazardous objects.
- The DRDO transferred its ROV technology for production at Dynalog, Theta Controls and Bharat Electronics.
- In 2010, the Indian Army placed a limited-series-production order for 20 Daksh vehicles after extensive trials, testing and acceptance.
- The first batch of five ROV Daksh was delivered to the Indian Army in December 2011.
- Daksh will serve bomb disposal units (BDU) of the army, police and paramilitary forces in handling IEDs and other hazardous materials. The Indian Army has the requirement for 100 ROVs.
- The major task carried out by ROV Daksh is IED handling. The IED handling equipment scans, handles and removes hazardous objects.
- The water jet disrupter fitted on the vehicle can safely diffuse IEDs. The vehicle can lift, drag and tow suspected objects away from the area.
- The onboard X-ray unit scans horizontal and vertical planes. The unit is equipped with real-time imaging facility with zoom in / out and multiple auto snapshot creation facility.
- The image processing software allows the users to alter brightness, contrast, sharpness, blurring, negation and mirror settings.