'Samvidhaan', meaning "a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organisation is acknowledged to be governed" was on 28 January 2020 announced as the Oxford Hindi Word of the Year (HWOTY) for 2019. The Oxford Hindi Word of the Year is a word or expression that has attracted a great deal of attention and reflects the ethos, mood, or preoccupations of the past year. It is also the Hindi translation of the word 'Constitution'.
What
  1. This year's Hindi Word of the Year is a fitting choice reflecting the mood of the masses as also the focus of the decision makers. 
  2. Constitution embodies the spirit of the country and the year 2019 was witness to the spirit of the constitution being embraced across segments of the society. 
  3. 'Samvidhaan' first received widespread attention last year with the abrogation of two key constitutional provisions -- Articles 370 and Article 35(A) -- on August 5, 2019 which removed the special status granted to Jammu & Kashmir. 
  4. The revocation of the articles led to nationwide debates and discussions, bringing the word to the forefront of conversations across the country.
  5. Some major decisions by the Supreme Court also significantly contributed to Samvidhaan's prominence in 2019: The Sabarimala verdict allowing women to visit the Lord Ayyappa temple at Sabarimala, stating that the discrimination stood as violation of the Constitution's fundamental rights such as the right to equality.
  6. Other significant decisions included the floor test in Maharashtra to save constitutional values and to ensure the smooth functioning of democracy, and the apex court upholding the order of the former Speaker of the Karnataka assembly disqualifying 17 MLAs under the anti-defection law (the 10th Schedule of the Constitution).
  7. The year 2019 witnessed the values of democracy, secularism, justice, liberty, equality and fraternity being tested on the touchstone of the Constitution or Samvidhaan. 
  8. The Oxford dictionaries' team invited entries for the Oxford Hindi Word of the Year through its Facebook page and received several hundred diverse and thoughtful entries. 
Flashback
  1. Established in 1912, Oxford Union Press (OUP) India, a department of the University of Oxford, has grown to be one of the largest publishers in the region, with a strong presence in India and the neighbouring countries, including Nepal, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh
  2. Headquartered in Delhi, it has regional offices in Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Mumbai.