GSAT-30 successfully launched
India's "high power" communication satellite GSAT-30, aimed at providing high- quality television, telecommunications and broadcasting services, was successfully launched onboard Ariane 5 rocket from French Guiana on 17 January 2020. The mission team at the master control facility have already acquired the satellite and they will immediately complete the post launch operations. ISRO's Master Control Facility (MCF) at Hassan in Karnataka took over the command and control of GSAT-30 immediately after its separation from the launch vehicle and preliminary health checks of the satellite revealed its normal health, the space agency said.
- In the days ahead, orbit-raising manoeuvres will be performed to place the satellite in Geostationary Orbit (36,000 km above the equator) by using its onboard propulsion system.
- During the final stages of its orbit raising operations, the two solar arrays and the antenna reflectors of GSAT-30 will be deployed, ISRO said adding following this, the satellite will be put in its final orbital configuration. The satellite will be operational after the successful completion of all in-orbit tests.
- The 3,357-kg satellite, which was deployed from the lower passenger position of Ariane-5 launch vehicle (VA 251) into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO), is configured on ISRO's enhanced I-3K Bus structure to provide communication services from geostationary orbit in C and Ku bands.
- The satellite derives its heritage from ISRO's earlier INSAT/GSAT satellite series, and is equipped with 12 C and 12 Ku band transponders.
- GSAT-30 is to serve as a replacement to the "ageing" INSAT-4A spacecraft services with enhanced coverage. GSAT-30 has a unique configuration of providing flexible frequency segments and flexible coverage.
- The satellite will provide communication services to Indian mainland and islands through Ku-band and wide coverage covering Gulf countries, a large number of Asian countries and Australia through C-band.
- With a mission life of 15 years, GSAT-30 is an operational communication satellite for DTH, television uplink and VSAT services.
- The ISRO has said the communication payload of GSAT-30 is specifically designed and optimised to maximise the number of transponders on the spacecraft bus.
- GSAT-30 will provide DTH Television Services, connectivity to VSATs for ATM, stock-exchange, television uplinking and teleport services, Digital Satellite News Gathering (DSNG) and e-governance applications.
- The satellite will also be used for bulk data transfer for a host of emerging telecommunication applications. One Ku-band beacon downlink signal is transmitted for ground-tracking purpose.
- For its initial flight of 2020, Arianespace orbited EUTELSAT KONNECT, a telecommunications satellite for the operator Eutelsat, along with GSAT-30, using an Ariane 5 launch vehicle from the Guiana Space Centre.
- EUTELSAT KONNECT which was produced by Thales Alenia Space for Eutelsat was riding in the upper position of Ariane 5's payload arrangement, and was released first in the flight sequence at 27 minutes following liftoff.
- A European communication satellite called EUTELSAT KONNECT was the co-passenger of GSAT-30.
- ISRO in recent years has been taking the support of a cluster of mid-sized industries to speed up building routine spacecraft at its premises.
- A consortium led by Alpha Design Technologies Ltd. assembled GSAT-30 at the ISRO Satellite Integration & Test Establishment in Bengaluru. This group has also worked on the earlier IRNSS-1H and 1I [ONE EYE] navigation satellites.
What is Arianespace
- Arianespace is the world's first commercial launch service provider and since the launch of India's APPLE experimental satellite on Ariane Flight L03 in 1981, Arianespace has orbited 24 satellites, including Gsat-30, for the Indian space agency.
- The European space consortium Arianespace's Ariane 5 vehicle injected Gsat-30 into the orbit in a flawless flight lasting about 38 minutes. This launch was also the first flight of 2020 for Arianespace.
- Ariane-5 first launched EUTELSAT KONNECT, a 3,619kg telecommunication satellite for operator Eutelsat, and later Gsat-30, which will be positioned at a longitude of 83° East.
- EUTELSAT KONNECT is based on the electric propulsion system and will provide satellite communication services in Europe and African continents.
- A year ago, the European space agency had launched India's Gsat-31 communication satellite.