Sikhs in the US will be counted as a separate ethnic group in the 2020 census, an organisation of the minority community said, describing it as a milestone. President of the Sikh Society of San Diego Baljeet Singh said that the Sikh community's efforts have come to fruition. This has paved the way forward nationally not only for the Sikh community but also for other ethnicities in the United States.
 
What
  1. Describing this as a milestone, the United Sikhs said that this will be the first time the minority group will be counted and coded in the decennial US Census. A delegation of the United Sikhs has had several meetings with the US Census in the recent past with the last one being in San Diego on January 6.
  2. It's clear that a separate code is needed to ensure an accurate count of Sikhs in the United States, recognising a unique identity, said US Census Deputy Director Ron Jarmin.
  3. According to the United Sikhs, the current estimates of Sikhs living in the US are at 1 million. Sikhs meet the criteria for representation in the US Census as a distinct ethnic group and have a distinct unified appearance, culture, language, food and history.
  4. The United Sikhs has advocated for the separate coding for more than two decades and filed commentary with the US Federal Register advocating for Sikhs to be added as an ethnic group, in large part, so that action can be taken to address major Sikh issues such as bullying, intimidation and hate crimes against the community.
  5. With the 2020 census approaching, many historically undercoded communities will be at-risk for being under-counted and under-served, said Ruben Singh, United Sikhs Census Manager
  6. The Sikh Coalition has partnered with the Census Bureau for the 2020 census. This is because Sikhs have traditionally been a 'hard to count' population in the United States, said Satjeet Kaur, Sikh Coalition executive director.
Flashback
  1. Ethnic group, a social group or category of the population that, in a larger society, is set apart and bound together by common ties of race, language, nationality, or culture.
  2. Ethnic diversity is one form of the social complexity found in most contemporary societies
  3. India is a diverse multiethnic country that is home to thousands of small ethnic and tribal groups. That complexity developed from a lengthy and involved process of migration and intermarriage. 
  4. The great urban culture of the Indus civilization, a society of the Indus River valley that is thought to have been Dravidian-speaking, thrived from roughly 2500 to 1700 BCE. 
  5. An early Aryan civilization—dominated by peoples with linguistic affinities to peoples in Iran and Europe—came to occupy northwestern and then north-central India over the period from roughly 2000 to 1500 BCE and subsequently spread southwestward and eastward at the expense of other indigenous groups.