The number of girls getting enrolled in government schools is higher than boys in the age group of 4-8 years, according to the 14th Annual Status of Education Report (ASER) launched on 14 January 2020. The ASER for 2019 is based on a survey conducted in 26 districts across 24 states in India, covering over 36,000 children in the age group of 4-8 years.
 
What
  1. Gender gaps are visible even among young children with more girls than boys enrolled in government institutions and more boys than girls enrolled in private institutions, the report said. 
  2. According to the report, among 4-5 year old children, 56.8 percent girls and 50.4 per cent boys are enrolled in government schools or preschools while 43.2 percent girls and 49.6 percent boys are enrolled in private pre-schools or schools.
  3. The gap in enrolment between boys and girls is larger among 6-8 year olds, with 61.1 per cent of all girls versus 52.1 per cent of all boys in this age group going to a government institution.
  4. In 2017, ASER 'Beyond Basics' focused on the abilities, experiences, and aspirations of youth in the 14-18 age group.
  5. In 2019, ASER aims to shine the spotlight on the early years, reporting on the schooling status as well as on a range of important developmental indicators for young children in the age group 4-8.
Flashback
  1. ASER is an annual survey that aims to provide reliable estimates of children’s enrolment and basic learning levels for each district and state in India. 
  2. ASER has been conducted every year since 2005 in all rural districts of India. It is the largest citizen-led survey in India
  3. It is also the only annual source of information on children’s learning outcomes available in India today.Unlike most other large-scale learning assessments, ASER is a household-based rather than school-based survey. 
  4. This design enables all children to be included – those who have never been to school or have dropped out, as well as those who are in government schools, private schools, religious schools or anywhere else.
  5. Every year, some additional tests are also administered. These vary from year to year. In 2007, 2009, and 2012, for example, children were tested in basic English.
  6. The ASER model has been adapted for use in several countries around the world: Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Pakistan, Mali and Senegal