Boris Johnson's Brexit deal
British Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s determined bid for UK’s divorce from the European Union got a major boost when the government’s Brexit Bill comfortably cleared the House of Commons, signalling that the country would quit the economic bloc on January 31. The Commons voted 330 to 231 on 9 January 2020 in favour of the EU Withdrawal Agreement Bill and it will now pass to the House of Lords for further scrutiny. The Brexit Bill passed its third reading in the Commons with a majority of 99 for Prime Minister Johnson, who had won a landslide election last month with a promise to leave the 28-member economic bloc by the latest end-January deadline.
- It marks a historic moment for the bill which has been repeatedly defeated in Parliament in its various forms in the past, creating parliamentary gridlock over Brexit. The bill will now go to the House of Lords for voting before royal assent from Queen Elizabeth II to become law.
- The bill covers “divorce” payments to the EU, citizens’ rights, customs arrangements for Northern Ireland and the planned 11-month transition period.
- It is my sincere hope that their lordships will now give due regard to the clear majorities we have seen during the committee stage and establish their endorsement of this bill in a similar, timely, fashion, said UK Brexit Secretary Stephen Barclay after the Commons vote.
- This bill will secure our departure from the European union with a deal that gives certainty to businesses, protects the rights of our citizens and ensures that we regain control of our money, our borders, our laws and our trade policy.
- It took only three days for the bill to pass the remaining stages in the House of Commons, after lawmakers gave their initial approval to the legislation before the Christmas recess.
- Theresa May – Johnson’s predecessor – repeatedly failed to get her Brexit agreement approved by the lawmakers, which led to her resignation as prime minister last year.
- The latest vote gives approval to the 11-month transition period after January 31, in which the UK will cease to be an EU member but will continue to follow its rules and contribute to its budget.
- The purpose of the transition period is to give time for the UK and EU to negotiate their future relationship, including a trade deal.
- Meanwhile, Johnson kick-started the process for achieving a new trade agreement with the EU when he met European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen at Downing Street. He wants to strike a Canada-style free trade agreement (FTA) with the bloc post Brexit.
- However, Von der Leyen, who took over from Jean Claude Juncker last year, has warned that it would not be possible to sort out every aspect of Britain’s future relationship with the EU before December 31, 2020 transition period deadline.
- In a statement released after the first face-to-face meeting between Johnson and the new EU President, 10 Downing Street said the discussions had been “positive”.
- The PM (Johnson) was clear that the UK would not extend the Implementation Period beyond December 31, 2020 and that any future partnership must not involve any kind of alignment or ECJ (European Court of Justice) jurisdiction.