Threat to outer space security
- In a report last February, the Pentagon asserted that China and Russia have embarked on major efforts to develop technologies that could allow them to disrupt or destroy American and allied satellites in a crisis or conflict.
- China in 2007 conducted an unannounced missile strike against one of its own defunct satellites, creating an enormous amount of space debris.
- Geng dismissed such concerns, calling them "unfounded counter charges" that merely provided the US with a justification for its own actions. China, he said, has consistently opposed the weaponization of space and believes international treaties on arms control in outer space need to be negotiated.
- We hope that the international community, especially the major powers concerned, will adopt a cautious and responsible attitude to prevent outer space from becoming a new battlefield and work together to maintain lasting peace and tranquility in outer space.
- The establishment of the Space Force is seen by the US military as a recognition of the need to more effectively organize for the defense of US interests in space, especially satellites used for navigation and communication. The Space Force is not designed or intended to put combat troops in space.
- The Global Positioning System, for example, provides navigation services to the military as well as civilians.
- Its constellation of about two dozen orbiting satellites is operated by the 50th Space Wing from an operations centre at Schriever Air Force Base in Colorado.
- China has established a similar, independent network, the BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, assembled from 42 separate satellite launches.
- The principal international Treaty on space is the 1967 Outer Space Treaty.
- India is a signatory to this treaty, and ratified it in 1982.
- The Outer Space Treaty prohibits only weapons of mass destruction in outer space, not ordinary weapons.
- India expects to play a role in the future in the drafting of international law on prevention of an arms race in outer space including inter alia on the prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space in its capacity as a major space faring nation with proven space technology.
- On March 27, 2019 India conducted Mission Shakti, an anti-satellite missile test, from the Dr. A P J Abdul Kalam Island launch complex.
- This was a technological mission carried out by DRDO.
- The satellite used in the mission was one of India’s existing satellites operating in lower orbit.
- India is not in violation of any international law or Treaty to which it is a Party or any national obligation.