The international resolution approved by UN body International Telecommunication Union at its global meet has resolved concerns raised by the telecom sector on 5G and has put everyone across the globe at par for the roll-out of the next-generation technology, ITU-APT Foundation of India said. After about a month-long deliberation with representatives from 193 countries at Sharm El-Sheikh in Egypt, ITU in its World Radio Conference 2019 have struck a balance between deployment of 5G and satellite services which will now be followed across the globe, ITU-APT Foundation of India President Bharat Bhatia told.
  1. Proposal of India around radiation power levels from base station of 5G was close to the resolution approved by the ITU. 
  2. Now, base stations (base transceiver station) that will be deployed across the world can also be deployed in India for 5G. The cost of deployment of 5G BTS in India will be at par with the rest of the world.
  3. The telecom and satellite were at loggerheads with each other over demand for spectrum at the ITU WRC meet. 
  4. Satellite bodies wanted the restricted use of 5G technologies in the spectrum bands where they operate while telecom bodies argued that limitation being pushed by the satellite bodies will make it impossible for them to provide 5G services.
  5. According to satellite organisations, weather satellites will not be able to catch reflections from the earth that are used to analyse various factors, including water vapour content, to predict weather if 5G base stations emit signals at high power.
  6. The telecom bodies argued that the satellite companies are demanding more bandwidth than required for their operations.
  7. Russia, China, Europe and India favoured stringent norms of 5G services but later, Russia agreed for usage of 5G in spectrum bands where satellites are being used.
  8. As part of the resolution, the ITU has identified large chunks of spectrum for 5G in higher frequency bands which include ranges of 24.25-27.54 Ghz, 37-43.5 Ghz, 47.2-48.2 Ghz and 66-71 Ghz.
  9. Currently, India has only identified 275 megahertz of radio waves frequency between 3300-3400 Mhz and 3425-3600 Mhz bands for the 5G auction.
  10. A telecom player interested in buying spectrum for 5G service in 3300-3400 Mhz and 3425-3600 Mhz bands will need to shell out at least Rs 9,840 crore as per the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India's proposal.
  11. The government has not yet sought reference of Trai on higher frequency range such as 26 GHz band for the 5G services.
  12. According to ITU, a 5G application in general should be able to transmit data with 10 gigabit per second speed and in some cases 20 gigabit per second.
  13. Industry experts have said the lower data speed case requires around 320 Mhz of spectrum, while higher data speed needs around 670 Mhz.
  14. The ITU has also identified use of 40 Ghz band frequency for use of high altitude platform system like installing hot air balloon type structure for transmitting telecom signal at an altitude of 20 kilometers.
  1. The International Telecommunication Union (ITU) is the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies – ICTs.
  2. It was founded in 1865 to facilitate international connectivity in communications networks, allocate global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develop the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strive to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide.  
  3. Every time you make a phone call via the mobile, access the Internet or send an email, you are benefitting from the work of ITU.
  4. ITU is committed to connecting all the world's people – wherever they live and whatever their means. Through their work, we protect and support everyone's right to communicate.
World Radiocommunication conference (WRC)
  1. World radiocommunication conference (WRC) are held every three to four years
  2. It is the job of WRC to review, and, if necessary, revise the Radio Regulations, the international treaty governing the use of the radio-frequency spectrum and the geostationary-satellite and non-geostationary-satellite orbits. 
  3. Revisions are made on the basis of an agenda determined by the ITU Council, which takes into account recommendations made by previous world radiocommunication conferences.
  4. The general scope of the agenda of world radiocommunication conferences is established four to six years in advance, with the final agenda set by the ITU Council two years before the conference, with the concurrence of a majority of Member States.
Under the terms of the ITU Constitution, a WRC can:
  1. Revise the Radio Regulations and any associated Frequency assignment and allotment Plans;
  2. Address any radiocommunication matter of worldwide character;
  3. Instruct the Radio Regulations Board and the Radiocommunication Bureau, and review their activities;
  4. Determine Questions for study by the Radiocommunication Assembly and its Study Groups in preparation for future Radiocommunication Conferences.